U.3.2 Europe and European Identity
The European Identity emerges as an alternative to previous collective identities: history – and more specifically the XX Century – shown us how dangerous collective identies can be. The European Union conciles the national identities within a wider project based on multicultural, diverse and resilient union of nations and communities (Dittrich van Weringh, 2005). Thus the European Identity appears as ‘ an “intermediary” identity between the national and the global’ (Foundation Robert Schuman, 2018).
The key citizenship competencies involves Knowledge, Skills and Values (Griffin et al., 2012). The following scheme summarizes the 21st Century Skills adapted to the context of the European Union: